Jan29

2013-Feb-08, Friday 22:44
qiihoskeh: myo: kanji (Default)
[personal profile] qiihoskeh
In Jan29, most words are combinations of nouns or pronouns with verbs or case-markers, stretching the definition of pronoun and case-marker somewhat.

Quantities are treated as verbs. Verbs come in different classes according to the semantic role of the noun or pronoun the verb is combined with. These roles include S-role, locatee, patient, perceiver, and theme. I'm not going to list the 18(?) cases. Verbs, but not case-markers, take aspect marking and can also take modal and aspectual suffixes.

Besides the local pronouns are the following:
* relative pronoun
* pronoun coreferencing the noun-pronoun combined with the verb
* pronoun coreferencing the agent
* dummy pronoun beginning subordinate clause; different cases specify which kind (purpose, result, means, etc.)
* dummy pronouns for adverbs of manner and degree

Other pronouns are combinations of determiners (specific, demonstrative, definite, content question, and the quantifiers) with gender markers. The determiners, along with non-referential, can also be combined with nouns.

Finally, verbs can be derived from nouns, and probably vice-versa.

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