Some PolyG Affixes

2007-Jun-19, Tuesday 18:44
qiihoskeh: myo: kanji (Default)
[personal profile] qiihoskeh
I have some specific affixes now for PolyG, if I don't scrap them.

Numbers are S == Singular, P == Plural, and E == Extended. Extended referents include associated persons while simple plurals don't.

Subject Person and Number Prefixes

1S- xe-, 1XE- xo-; 1st person (exclusive)
1NP- ma-, 1NE- mo-; 1st person inclusive
2S- ke-, 2P- ka-, 2E- ko-; 2nd person
LS- tle-, LP- tla-, LE- tlo-; Local == 2nd person subject with 1st person primary object. These can't be used with monovalent verbs or with monovalent alignment. Also, the primary object number can't be plural.
3S. 0, 3P- a-, 3E- o-; 3rd person. Extended is used only with animate subjects. 3S: y- is inserted before l- and n- alignment prefixes.

Primary Object Number Suffixes

-OS 0, -OP -a, -OE -o; 3rd person except when subject marking is Local.

Except where the subject marking is local or the primary object is preempted, the primary object is third person (obviative if the subject is also 3rd person).

Alignment Prefixes

These determine the relationship between the subject and the object of divalent and trivalent verbs and aren't used on monovalent verbs. The first three preempt the primary object.

Ant- i-; "Antipassive". Direct with primary object unspecified.
Pas- l-; "Passive". Inverse with primary object unspecified.
Rfx- n-; Reflexive.
Dir. 0; Direct. Subject "acts on" primary object.
Inv- s-; Inverse. Primary object "acts on" subject.
Rcp- hto-; Reciprocal.

The combination e + i becomes yy.

Third Argument Affixes

These are for trivalent verbs. I'm not sure if these are going to be prefixes or suffixes. They're assumed to have inanimate referents.

IS- te-, IP- ta-;

Other Prefixes

CMI- replaces the 3rd argument affix. The next three replace the subject prefix except that they can precede a 1st or 2nd person subject prefix (assuming the primary object isn't preempted). Ina- precedes an otherwise divalent finite verb.

CMI- ti-; Coreference Main secondary object (trivalent only).
CMS- ty-; Coreference Main Subject.
CMO- hy-; Coreference Main primary Object.
Adj- ne-; marks form as being adjectival.
Ina- i-/j-; inanimate adjectival (trivalent only). J- occurs before a- or o-.

Example Word Forms

I'm going to have to make up some words for these on the fly, so they'll probably change. Note the k to g, t to d, and tl to l changes between vowels.

Melek. - He ran.
Tleskanek. - I saw you (singular).
Keganega. - You saw them.
Xyyganek. - I saw (something).
nenkanek - (the person) that saw herself
Tlehtodasobek. - We (you singular and I) gave them to each other.
ilehtosobek - (the things) that we gave each other

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